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China and the United Nations

Since its admission to the United Nations (UN) in 1971, China has been an increasingly active participant in the UN system. China is the sixth largest contributor to the UN regular budget, as well as its peacekeeping operations. In addition, it is one of the five permanent members of the UN Security Council, and currently holds a seat on the UN Human Rights Council.

Beginning with its ratification of the Convention to Eliminate All Forms of Discrimination Against Women (CEDAW) in 1980, China has become a party to six of the nine core human rights treaties of the UN, and is periodically reviewed by the affiliated treaty bodies. As a UN member, China is also required to undergo reviews of its human rights record by the UN Human Rights Council, through its Universal Periodic Review process, and to cooperate with independent human rights experts in the UN system, known collectively as Special Procedures.

The pages listed below provide additional information about China’s engagement with each of these monitoring mechanisms, as well as HRIC’s participation in these processes.

Human Rights Bodies & Procedures of the UN

ICCPR

Official Documents and Civil Society Submissions

Fourth Review (to be scheduled)

  • Fourth Report of the HKSAR of the PRC in the light of the ICCPR (September 2019): EN & CH
  • Annexures to Fourth Report of the HKSAR of the PRC in the light of the ICCPR (September 2019): EN & CH
  • Compendium of submissions received during the public consultation of the outline of topics of the Fourth Report of the HKSAR of the PRC in the light of the ICCPR: EN & CH

Third Review (2013)

  • Report on Follow-up to the Concluding Observations of the Human Rights Committee (November 2017): EN
  • Letter to HKSAR from Special Rapporteur for Follow-up to Concluding Observations of the Human Rights Committee (August 2016): EN
  • Third Report of the HKSAR on its follow-up to the Concluding Observations of the Human Rights Committee on the third periodic report of the HKSAR (February 2016): EN & CH
  • Letter to HKSAR from Special Rapporteur for Follow-up to Concluding Observations of the Human Rights Committee (August 2015): EN
  • Second Report of the HKSAR on its follow-up to the Concluding Observations of the Human Rights Committee on the third periodic report of the HKSAR (May 2015): EN & CH
  • Letter to HKSAR from Special Rapporteur for Follow-up to Concluding Observations of the Human Rights Committee (December 2014): EN
  • Letter to HKSAR from Special Rapporteur for Follow-up to Concluding Observations of the Human Rights Committee (November 2014): EN
  • Updates from the HKSAR following the First Report of the HKSAR on its follow-up to the Concluding Observations of the Human Rights Committee on the third periodic report of the HKSAR (October 2014): EN
  • Follow-up Information from Hong Kong Unison Limited (October 2014): EN
  • Follow-up Information from Human Rights Watch – Eight Questions about “Occupy Hong Kong” (October 2014): EN
  • Human Rights Watch Letter to Chief Executive Leung on Hong Kong Protests (October 2014): EN
  • First Report of the HKSAR on its follow-up to the Concluding Observations of the Human Rights Committee on the third periodic report of the HKSAR (May 2014): EN & CH
  • Follow-up Information from Hong Kong Bar Association (March 2014): EN
  • Follow-up Information from Hong Kong Unison Limited (March 2014): EN
  • Concluding Observations of the Human Rights Committee on the third report of the HKSAR of the PRC in the light of the ICCPR (March 2013): EN & CH
  • Response to the List of Issues presented by the Human Rights Committee on 16 November 2012 (March 2013): EN & CH
  • List of issues to be taken up in connection with the consideration of the third periodic report of Hong Kong, China, adopted by the Committee at its 106th session (November 2012): EN & CH
  • Third Report of the HKSAR of the PRC in the light of the ICCPR (May 2011): EN & CH
  • Compendium of submissions received during the public consultation of the outline of topics of the Third Report of the HKSAR of the PRC in the light of the ICCPR (2011): EN & CH

Second Review (2006)

  • Letter to HKSAR govt from Special Rapporteur for Follow-up to Concluding Observations of the Human Rights Committee (August 2009): EN
  • Letter to HKSAR govt from Special Rapporteur for Follow-up to Concluding Observations of the Human Rights Committee (February 2009): EN
  • Follow-up Response to the Concluding Observations of the Human Rights Committee on the second report of the HKSAR of the PRC in the light of the ICCPR (October 2007): EN & CH
  • Government of the HKSAR's Response to the issues requiring further clarification in connection with the consideration of the second periodic report of the HKSAR of the PRC (February 2009): EN & CH
  • Concluding Observations of the Human Rights Committee on the second report of the HKSAR of the PRC in the light of the ICCPR (April 2006): EN & CH
  • List of issues to be taken up in connection with the consideration of the second periodic report of HKSAR of PRC (December 2005): EN & CH
  • Second Report of the HKSAR of the PRC in the light of the ICCPR (March 2005): EN & CH

First Review of the HKSAR (1999)

  • Concluding Observations of the Human Rights Committee on the First Report of the HKSAR of PRC in the light of the ICCPR (15 November 1999): EN, CH
  • First Report of the HKSAR of the PRC in the light of the ICCPR - Supplementary Information (November 1999): EN
  • First Report of the HKSAR of the PRC in the light of the ICCPR (January 1999): EN

Report by the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland in respect of Hong Kong

  • Supplementary Report by the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland in respect of Hong Kong under the ICCPR (August 1996): EN
  • Final Report by the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland in respect of Hong Kong under the ICCPR (July 1995): EN
Related Resources
  • Opening Statement by Zeid Ra’ad Al Hussein, UN High Commissioner for Human Rights, at the Human Rights Council 36th session, September 11, 2017: EN
  • Speech by Zeid Ra’ad Al Hussein, UN High Commissioner for Human Rights, at the 2016 Martin Ennals Award for Human Rights Defenders Ceremony, Geneva, October 11, 2016: EN
  • Office of the High Commissioner for Human Rights China page: EN, CH
  • Universal Human Rights Index database of all recommendations made to China: EN
  • China and the International Human Rights System, 2012 report by Chatham House: EN
  • Universal Rights Group website: EN
  • 2018 Universal Periodic Review of China (EN, CH)

Submitted to the Human Rights Council in Advance of the Third Universal Periodic Review of the People’s Republic of China, March 2018

  • Ensuring Safe & Sustainable Civil Society Space Within UN Human Rights Bodies: Challenges & Recommendations (ENCH)

Submitted as input into the report by the High Commissioner on the procedures and practices of civil society involvement with regional and international organizations requested under the Human Rights Council (HRC) Resolution 32/31.

OHCHR Resources

Fact Sheets                          

  • Enforced or Involuntary Disappearances (No. 6): ENCH
  • Individual Complaint Procedures Under the United Nations Human Rights Treaties (No. 7): EN, CH
  • Civil and Political Rights: The Human Rights Committee (No. 15): ENCH
  • The Human Right to Adequate Housing (No. 21): ENCH
  • The International Convention on Migrant Workers and its Committee (No.24): ENCH
  • Forced Evictions (No. 25): EN, CH
  • The Working Group on Arbitrary Detention (No. 26): ENCH
  • Human Rights Defenders: Protecting the Right to Defend Human Rights (No. 29): ENCH
  • The United Nations Human Rights Treaty System  (No. 30): ENCH
  • The Right to Health (No. 31): ENCH
  • Terrorism and Counter-terrorism (No. 32): ENCH
  • Frequently Asked Questions on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights (No. 33): ENCH
  • The Right to Water (No. 35): EN, CH                         

Business and Human Rights                       

  • An introduction to the Guiding Principles on Business and Human Rights by the UN Working Group on Business and Human Rights 2013: EN
  • Frequently Asked Questions about the Guiding Principles on Business and Human Rights 2014: EN          
  • The Corporate Responsibility to Protect Human Rights: An Interpretive Guide 2012: ENCH
  • UN Guiding Principles on Businsess and Human Rights 2011: ENCH
  • Guide on How to Develop a Human Rights Policy 2011: EN          
  • A Human Rights Management Framework Poster 2010; ENCH                        

Civil Society                               

  • Working with the United Nations Human Rights Programme: A Handbook for Civil Society: ENCH
  • Civil Society Space and the United Nations Human Rights System - A Practical Guide for Civil Society: ENCH
  • How to Follow Up on United Nations Human Rights Recommendations - A Practical Guide for Civil Society: ENCH
  • United Nations Human Rights Council - A Practical Guide for NGO Participants: ENCH
  • Universal Periodic Review - A Practical Guide for Civil Society: ENCH
  • Human Rights Funds, Grants and Fellowships - A Practical Guide for Civil Society: ENCH

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